How much money does France make in French-speaking Africa?

France secures access to markets in its 14 former colonies in Africa, to this date, 57 years after independence. Benefits are of commercial interest: access to resources and markets. Mechanisms to support this are a shared currency (the CFA-franc), military presence, secret diplomacy and marketing its language. But … change is on the rise.

Photo: Macron visiting Burkinabe students (Nov 2017) Source: